3. THE SEPTENARY IN RELIGION
A. The Lemniscate of Religion
The traditional correspondence between the so-called religious ages of man has an astronomical basis in the Great Solar Year of 25,920 years divided by the twelve zodiac signs into cultural-religious epochs of approximately 2,160 years as follows:
Sign Sub-Race/Cultural Epoch
1. Cancer Hindu-Indian
2. Gemini Persian
3. Taurus Egyptian-Chaldean
4. Aries Roman-Greek
5. Pisces Fifth (Present)
6. Aquarius Sixth
7. Capricorn Seventh
The leading mission of the Fifth (Aryan) Root Race is the development of manas, the thinking facility, on the physical plane. The origin of logical and analytical thinking began in the fifth sub-race of the Fourth Root- Race in the peoples designated by Theosophy as the Primal Semites. The elect of this group were the last to migrate from the sinking Atlantis. Following the great Manu, they traveled from Ireland, eastward through Europe to Central Asia. From here, a colony was directed out to the Indus valley to start the First Cultural Epoch known as the Hindu-Indian civilization.
Manu directed the seven Rishis to guide the new Fifth root-race and to direct its evolution towards the development of the mental facility of thought. In addition, Manu directed that all human activities, all human institutions, all cultural achievements in science and art bear a religious character reflecting man's aspiration to higher, spiritual worlds. Thus, the fifth root- race carries with it a profound religious fervor different from the mission of the fourth root race.
Against the direction of the Divine Plan of the Spirits of Form and the seven Rishis, the sixth sub-race (the Akkadians) and the seventh sub-race (the Mongols) held over after the end of the Atlantean period. The oriental Mongols have become the most populated sub-race in the world today. They too partially developed the thinking facility. However, for various reasons, they held firm to the ancestral memory of their culture and neglected the intended development of the thinking faculity. The development of the thinking function of the ego is inversely proportional to the memory function held in the etheric body.
The chief characteristic of the fourth root- race was an unlimited ancestral memory, which was firmly held over in the Mongol sub-race. Traces of this can also be seen in the Malay sub-race and Polynesians who keep the sculls of their ancestors hung from the door of their houses. From ancestral memory developed ancestor worship which held the same position in the Atlantean races as religion does now in the Aryan races. The transition from the fourth to the fifth root- race was marked by the decline in ancestor worship and the rise of Polytheism.
In 1893 a certain A.G.Harrison gave a series of lectures to a group of esoteric Christians naming themselves the Bearean Society. As a group of "theoretical occultists", their task was to evaluate the growing influence of the good Madame H.P. Blavatsky in relation to traditional Christianity with a strong dose of Catholicism. These lectures have recently been reprinted in a 1993 edition entitled, "THE TRANSCENDENTAL UNIVERSE".
Harrison, as a self-initiated occult Christian recognized the septenary in the Religions of Man. In a most unique configuration, he relates the intellectual growth of the Theology of the fifth Root Race to the successive growths of the seven sub-races and/or the cultural/religious epochs.
Harrison is careful to explain that the seven sub-races do not exactly correspond to the seven forms of the evolution of the God Idea in the fifth root race. His configuration is as follows:
Polytheism is the worship of many gods, a pantheon of deities. Harrison says this religion is characteristic of the Hindu Brahmans. Indeed, the good Madam H.P.B. has often remarked that this culture has names for no less than 330 million spirits.
Pantheism is a view of the entire created universe as a manifestation of God, not God as a deity, but as the sum total of the forces acting in the universe. Schopenhauer was the modern representative of this religion of the uneducated masses. Harrison says that, "While Brahminism is a polytheistic religion for the multitude, it is funded on a philosophical system which is essentially Pantheistic". Thus, for him the esoteric doctrines of the initiated and adapts of Hindu Brahminism represents the second stage.
Anthropomorphism, which includes the monotheism of the Jews, represents an advance for Harrison, because Hindu Pantheism was purely an intellectual doctrine, devoid of any personal or moral aspects. For the first time in the fifth root- race, the high spirituality and detached intellect of esoteric Brahminism was put in a new direction by the Jews, that of a god in separately connected with the idea of righteousness. The anthropomorphic act of giving god a personality, such as the avenging Jehovah, necessarily gives a moral character to god and his worshipers. Likewise, the name given to god by the Jews is a personal one, distinguishing the true god from all false ones. In Christian theology, the god made man and the word made flesh is the ultimate act of anthropomorphism.
Harrison arranged his six stages of the intellectual understanding of the God-Idea around a neutral center in the shape of a lemniscate . Technically, a leminscate is in geometry the locus of the foot of the perpendicular from the center of a conic on its tangent. In two dimensions, a figure eight is representative and in three dimensions, a double cone or vortex is representative. Realizing that belief in God can take only three forms, i.e.,polytheism, pantheism and anthropomorphism, the last three stages for the Harrison lemniscate are a repetition of the first three, only at a higher stage and in the opposite direction.
This is a very sound principle in fact for the lemiscate is an ancient esoteric symbol. First described by Plato in THE TIMAEUS, with later commentaries by Macrobius and the Stoics, this symbol becomes the gyres of St. Thomas Aquinas and the divination tables of Dr. Dee. Swedenborg said, "all physical reality, the universe as a whole, every solar system, every atom, is a double cone; where there are two poles one opposite to the other,these two poles have the form of cones". In the 20th. century, W.B.Yeats wrote (by automatic writing from the spirit of Giraldus) an entire history of Western civilization using the double cone divided into twenty-eight lunar phases as a symbolic template. In the near future, the lemniscate will become a fundamental theorm of science. One only need look at the Lorentz attractor (another view ), a figure-eight in a finite space with an infinite orbital path that never repeats itself nor crosses itself.
"The evolution of the God-Idea starts at this neutral center, arrives at the same point halfway in its evolutionary course; and touches it again at its finish". For Harrison the neutral center is ignorance, which in modern times, corresponds to Agnosticism.
At the close of the fourth sub-race, Harrison describes what he calls Theomorphism or the worship of the Divine Man. The ages of faith of medieval times, the doctrine of the Holy Trinity and the Latin Catholicism of the Western Europe characterizes this period.
Harrison next proceeds to the fifth sub-race which he sees as roughly the English speaking people which have replaced Latin Christianity. In its modern guise, Theomorphism is characterized by the scientific materialism of modern Europe and America. Finally he says, "The religions and intellectual evolution of the sub-race are both converging to the point of sacramentalism, and when this point is reached, and the pioneer of scientific sacramentalism appears, the fifth period of the evolution of the God-Idea will draw towards its close, and Christian Pantheism will put an end to the conflict between science and religion which has lasted so many centuries."
Harrison explains "sacramentalism is to the spirit what symbolism is to the mind and both are systems which make use of the visible and material things to convey benefits of an invisible and immaterial character..God, as revealed through Christ, conveys his grace, or life giving spiritual impulse, through the medium of the sacraments." The seven sacraments, Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Matrimony, Penance, Order and Extreme Unction are the evolutionary equivalents of the seven-fold involutionary spiritual energy which cause birth, strength, nutrition, generation, recuperation, speech and transmutation.
Sacrementalism can not be practiced without a profound respect for ceremonial order, which probably corresponds to what Alice Bailey describes as the seventh ray now coming into manifestation for the Fifth Root Race. The seventh ray is one of ceremonial order and control over the forces of nature. Magic, ritual and sacramentalism are characteristic of this ray which she says will manifest itself predominantly through the Russian nation.
Christian Pantheism of the Fifth (English) sub-race had its beginning in the works of Anna Bonus Kingsford (1846-1888). She was quite a leading lady of 19th. century western Europe. In 1870 she became a Roman Catholic, later separated from her minister husband and throughout her life was an editor of numerous women's rights magazines. Between 1874 and 1880, she lived in Paris with her spiritual mentor, Edward Maitland, as uncle and niece, to attend and finally graduate from medical school (where she was refused in England). During this time, her and Maitland experimented together in spiritual researches as mediums. They were contacted by elementary spirits, ancient Egyptian and Greek spirits, by individual spirits such as that of Apollonius of Tyana and Swedenborg and even had visions of scenes from the life of Christ. These very occult "illuminations" produced a coherent dogma of Esoteric Christianity which they sponsored as a "new Gospel". During May and June of 1881, Maitland and Kingsford presented this material in a series of lectures in London to private audiences. The lectures were published a year later as THE PERFECT WAY or the FINDING OF CHRIST.
In 1883 Kingsford was elected president of the London Lodge of the Theosophical Society and obviously she must have had a close working relationship with the good Madame H.P.B. Even though she was more connected to Gnostic Christianity and Egyptian Hermetic sciences, the Mahatma letters state that her appointment was approved by the master Koot Hoomi. A fierce battle arose over her appointment with A.P. Sinnett who had returned to London in April 1883 after losing his newspaper editorship in India. Nowhere was the schism between Western Christian occultism as represented by Kingsford and Maitland and Eastern Indian occultism as represented by Blavatsky and Sinnett more evident than the split in the London Lodge. To solve the problem, Olcott offered Kingsford her own separate charter called, "the Hermetic Lodge of the Theosophical Society." which she accepted while Sinnett got his candidate elected as new president of the London Lodge of the T.S. Renamed the "Hermetic Society", Kingsford and Maitland enjoyed a huge success giving lectures and publishing books on Egyptian Hermeticism.
As her Esoteric Christianity (based upon Egyptian Hermeticism) evolved, she became learned in the additional occult sciences of Alchemy, the Hebrew scriptures, the Hebrew Kabbalah, Gnostic Christianity, Orphism, Angelology and in 1887, thru the manuscripts Eliphas Levi, the occult astrology of Trithemius and the coming age of Michael. Had she not died an early death, she might have accomplished a synthesis of the entire Western tradition of occultism and her special brand of the new Christian revelation. Her Christian esotericism had its unique influence on Annie Besant, C.W.Leadbeater, G.R.S.Mead, A.E.Waite, C.C.Massey and her financial sponser, the Lady Caithness.
The Perfect Way is the most often quoted source book in the Secret Doctrine. In fact, it reads like a treatise on Esoteric Buddhism, with the Bible replacing the Stanzas of Dzyan and Christ representing the perfect Buddha. She accepts the traditional Eastern concepts of incarnation and karma and places them in a Christian context. As for the Trinity, the Father is deity unmanifest and the Son is deity manifest. God unmanifest and abstract is the primordial mind and the cosmic universe is the ideation of that mind. To think is to create. Each planet and orb in infinite space is a thinking, creative god. Likewise, the indivisual human ego and soul is the "agglomerate essences" (or synthesis) of the numberless consciousness composing us.
Of greatest interest, her organic Pantheism evolves from synthesis into the discovery of that greatest achievement of R. Buckminster Fuller, the idea of Synergy. First, on the chemical level, she recognizes the principle that water is greater than its parts of hydrogen and oxygen saying, "The sum of activities of the molecules of the resulting product is different from that previously possessed by its factors..The synthetical resultant is not a mere aggregate of constituents." Then, on the religious level, she corresponds the synergy principle to the human soul and then to the macrocosm, as follows:
"Such as all creatures composing the planet are to the planet, all the planets are to the universe, and such are the Gods to God (in manifestation). The supreme Ego of the universe is the sum total of all the Gods; His Personality is their agglomerate personalty; to pray to Him is to address all the celestial host, and, by inclusion, the souls of all just men. But as in man, the central unity of consciousness constituted of the association of all the consciousness of his system, is more than the sum total of these, inasmuch as it is on a higher level;-so in the planet and the universe. The soul of the planet is more than the associated essences of the souls composing it. The consciousness of the system is more than that of the associated consciousness. The consciousness of the manifest universe is more than that of the corporate systems; and that of the Unmanifest Deity is greater than that of them all. For the Manifest does not exhaust the Unmanifest; but the Father is greater than the Son."
Buckminister Fuller aside, Kingsford is the first to discover and name (synthetic resultant) the principle that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. For her, the organizing synergy is mind and god. For Fuller it is geometry, but what is the difference if as Plato said, God geometrizes.
She also accepts in her new Gospel, the traditional Catholic doctrines of the Immaculate Conception, the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, the Fall, Original sin and the doctrines of the Redemption and Atonement. Her discussion of angels, elementary spirits and the astral plane was the best to be seen until the arrival of R. Steiner, several decades later. She also divides the human person into four principles, which include the septenary principles of the T.S. and the Good Madame as follows:
1. material body (includes sthula-sarira and prana)
2. astral body (linga-sarira, kama-rupa and manas)
3. soul (buddhi)
4. divine spirit (atma)
For her, the soul incarnates in many different bodies to evolve to union with the divine spirit, the Christ within. At this time, even the T.S. did not teach about reincarnation, as ISIS UNVEILED side-stepped the issue. Only with the publication of Sinnetts ESOTERIC BUDDHISM in 1883 and in several articles in THE THEOSOPHIST magazine, did the T.S. learn that the Tibetan Mahatmas endorsed reincarnation. It must have caused quite a stir in the T.S. when the Catholic Kingsford was actively teaching the theory that the good Madame, then living in India, rejected in ISIS.
If anything bothers me about this great Christian spiritualist, it would have to be the comment of Henry Olcott when he met her in 1884 that, "there was something uncanny to me in her views about human affection. She said she had never felt love for a human being...yet she lavished excessive love on (her pet) guinea pig." For someone to have actual visions of Christ and not feel human love is certainly a waste.
Christian Pantheism at this early stage of development must have borrowed all of its esoteric concepts from the Esoteric Pantheism she intuitively absorbed from Egyptian Hermeticism and Orphism, and grafted into them, the Christ impulse. She writes, "the fundamental truth embodied is the doctrine of Pantheism; God is in all things, God and God only, in all and through all." I suppose this is only natural if one looks at Christian Pantheism as a repetition of Esoteric Pantheism, only at a higher stage, the higher stage being the additional mystery of the Christ event.
The common ground of Pantheism probably is what earned her the respect and support of the good Madame and the Master Koot Hoomi. However, at the present time, the Eastern religions of Esoteric Buddhist and Bramin Pantheism do not recognize Christ as other than one in a succession of Avataras. The prejudices against Christ in the Hindu, Brahman and Buddhist religions is also only natural historically, since these religions pre-date the Christ event by many thousands of years.
However, the prejudices of the leaders of the Theosophical Society are more difficult to accept. For example, the rift caused by A. P. Sinnett to oust Kingsford from the London T.S., her tenure as a Christian president lasting only one year. Although the Theosophical movement represents itself as a generic pantheism with all religions sharing an equal footing, this theological concession is only made if one also accepts the Mahayana Buddhism theosophy of the good Madame as the mother source of all religions.
The good Madame's hatred of the Western Christian churches and all practicing Christians was most pervasive. Her successor, Annie Besant, fired R. Steiner as head of the German Section of the T. S. while on his way to Genoa to give a lecture series on the relationship of Buddha with Christ. It was unbearable to her to have a T.S. member extol Christ and not Buddha as the center-point of earthly evolution. Another successor of the T. S. in America, G. de Purucker, calls Christ the "Syrian Initiate" and teaches that Christ is an Avatara incarnation of the nirmanakaya of Buddha.
The fact is that Christian Pantheism will never become a religious force in the Lemniscate of sub-root races as envisioned by Harrison, unless and until it divorces itself from the Theosophical movement. Harrison clearly recognized this unhappy marriage between his London contemporaries, Kingsford, Blavatsky, and Sinnett and in his lecture series, taught that Blavatsky was duped by Hindu occultists and that the Masters K.H. and M. never existed. In addition, Harrison fervently opposed the Eastern principles of re-incarnation and karma feeling that these doctrines were premature and harmful to traditional European Esoteric Christianity.
On the last turn of the lemniscate , Harrison describes Christian Polytheism as the nine orders of celestial creative beings described by Dionysius the Areopagite. We will deal with the angelic orders later, but the important point is that Harrison recognizes the Divine hierarchies of Dionysius as the final and highest form in the evolution of the God-Idea for the fifth root- race.
B. SEVEN CULTURAL EPOCHS
A vastly difference approach to the septenary in the religions of man is taken by Steiner in his lecture series entitled, Egyptian Myths and Mysteries, (1908). For him, the religions of man reflect the cosmic events of planetary evolution.
Using Rosicrucian terminology, the evolution of our solar system develops through seven successive planetary conditions (also called Manvantaras). The first was called Old Saturn which was a condition of a nebula, the perimeter of which extended to the orbital limit of the planet Saturn. No planetary bodies separated out at this stage characterized by uniformity. During the next manvantara called Old Sun, a central cosmic sun separated out at this stage characterized by duality. During the third manvantara called Old Moon, a central sun again separated out of the nebula and for the first time a planetary condition arose. A planet called the Old Moon orbited the sun in the same way the present moon circles our present earth, ie. with only one side facing the sun. This created a condition of intense heat and light on one side and intense cold and darkness on the other side. This condition was three-fold. During the pralaya after the Old Moon evolution, the planets fell back and united with the sun.
Only in the fourth round of the fourth manvantara did the present earth condition arise. During the first three rounds, there was a recapitulation of Old Saturn, Old Sun and Old Moon. Then, during the first three root-races of this fourth round, there was another recapitulation of these previous cosmic events. During the first root race, that called the Polarian, the sun, earth and moon were united in an arupa-sphere. Here were laid the seeds for the human species known as the "sons of the sun". During the second or Hyperborean root race, the earth separated out as an orbiting planet. At this time, the Solar Pitris incarnated in man creating an upright posture, the beautiful Apollo-men. During the third or Lemurian root-race, the moon extruded out of the earth and bi-sexual evolution commenced. During this time, the Lunar Pitris incarnated creating our physical ancestors.
Thus, what occurred in spiritual cosmic events of planetary evolution in three stages is reflected in the physical world as:
1. Unity - Sun
2. Duality - Sun and Earth
3. Trinity - Sun, Earth and Moon
As Harrison recognized supra, religion did not come into its own until the Fifth or Aryan root race. The previous Atlantean epoch was characterized by ancestor worship deriving from an unlimited ancestral memory extant in the etheric bodies of the races.
For Steiner, the cosmic events of planetary evolution are reflected in the epochs and religions of man. This is a very profound correspondence which he describes,
We have unity in the primeval past as the attitude of the Indian; while the duality that appeared with the separation of the sun is reflected in the religion of the Persians; and in the religions view of the Egyptians, Chaldeans and Babylonians we find the trinity that appeared in the third epoch, after the separation of the earth and moon. Trinity appears in all the religions of the third period.
The Brahman-Hindu religion of the Indians really does contain all in unity. First, there is the oneness of the monotheistic para-Brahman. Then there is the trimurti of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. The ancient Brahmans were fire worshipers and performed sacrificial rites, the lower castes were idol worshipers of the lingam and yoni. The four Vedas contain the ancient wisdom of the world as given by the seven Rishis. The later Upanishads originate the grand doctrines of incarnation, karma and nirvana. Cult worship appears in the doctrine of the Avatar, or ten incarnations of Vishnu. Sect differentiation arises with initiation rites, mantras and gurus. The Hindu angelic pantheon is almost infinite. Hinduism is the great ocean of all religions.
The second cultural epoch is characterized by the duality of Zoroastrianism. The doctrine of Zarathustra is preserved in the seventeen hymns of the Gathas and the holy scripture of the Avesta. For him and the later Zurvanites, there are two fundamentally opposed principals which always are in conflict, light and darkness, good and evil, the sun aura of Ahura Mazda and the earth-moon forces of Ahriman. This duality is so pervasive that while every other religion recognizes the twelve creative hierarchies of the twelvefold zodiac, the mind of the Zoroastrian recognizes only six, the Bounteous Immortals or Amahraspands. For them, even the zodiac is not a unity of twelve but six plus six, good and evil, ascending and descending.
The third cultural epoch is characterized by the trinity of earth - sun - moon. In Egypt, we see Osiris, Isis and Horus. For the Chaldeans, it was composed of Anu, Bel and Hua. Even the Jews, which to this day deny the trinity and had their beginning (Abraham from Ur) and their captivity in Chaldea, when it came time to appoint vowels to pronounce their sacred name JHVH, added the vowels from the Chaldean trinity. J e h ov a h is Bel, Hoa, and Anu.(see the table of correspondances for the Trinity on page ).
For the early Christian Gnostics and Ophites, the supreme God was IAO, from whom derived the seven planetary aeons or genii. Pronounced ee - ah - oh, in the first instance, the letters e - a -o came from the same Chaldean trinity and in the second instance, correspond to I = Isis - Virgo, Nature, Mother
O = Osiris - Sol, slain and risen
A = Apophis - Scorpio (Typhon, Set), death & destroyer
As the good Madam H.P.B. exposed in ISIS UNVEILED, the doctrine of the trinity is eminently pre-Christian and representative of all cultures of the third sub-race or cultural epoch.
In the fourth sub-race we see a new impulse derived through the Jewish peoples, that of monotheism. This religion represents a turning away from the direction of the first three sub-races, which were characterized by a differentiation from the original Hindu unity. Thus, there are now two religions currents manifesting in evolution. The first is that of plurality or emanation from unity. This current proceeds from a number which in the first instance is the one, the para-Brahman. Then, the three represented in the trinity; the seven, represented in the planetary aeons, genii, Elohim and St. John's seven Spirits before the Throne. Finally, there is the twelve, representing the creative hierarchy forces of the twelvefold zodiac fixed star system.
The second current is that of monism, a synthetic, all pervading movement towards the monad, represented by Jewish monotheism and the Books of the Quabbalah. The polarity created by these two currents are necessary for the proper development and evolution of the religions of man. An associative force towards unity and a dis-associative force away from unity, into plurality. Both forces corresponding to the fundamental polar forces of the physical plane, centrifugal and centripetal.
Beginning the fifth sub-race, Steiner recognized the lemniscate or double vortex of religion and the principal of repitition working again on a higher level. For him, the fifth, sixth and seventh sub-races repeat themselves at a higher level as a repetition of the third, second and first sub-races. Thus,
In our fifth cultural epoch, there has been no decline in the belief of the Trinity. However, the chief characteristic of this period, as also observed by Harrison, is scientific materialism. Steiner says that this attitude comes from the spiritual fact of the Egyptian practice of mummifying the dead. By preserving the outer form of the body, the soul after death was more bound to the physical plane. The soul is susceptible to impressions after death and the picture of the mummified body made a lasting impression on Egyptian souls after death. Theses same souls have now incarnated in this fifth epoch and this remembrance lives on as a strong impulse to materialism.
In Foundations of Esotericism, Steiner says that the entire fifth root- race is descended from the primal Semites, who were the fifth sub-race of the Atlantean (fourth) root- race. Likewise, a new spiral is forming in the fifth sub-race of this fifth root -race, that of the hidden spirituality of the Russian peasantry. As the culture of the present fifth cultural epoch is descending, the culture of the Russian sixth cultural epoch is ascending. The first three cultural epochs had a common esoteric mystery center source. The fourth epoch of Semite monotheism is neutral, as observed by Harrison, and repeats none of the former or later epochs. Beginning the fifth epoch, a new impulse emerges in the Russian people, looking towards the future, while repeating the former first three epochs on a higher level. The central and western European cultures are the advance post of what is to develop out of the Slavonic peoples of the European east. For Steiner, the future sub-races or cultural epochs are:
5. Pisces - Central European, led by German
6. Aquarius - Eastern European, lead by Slavonic
7. Capricorn - American
The task of the German peoples of this fifth cultural epoch is to take in the Christ impulse more and more consciously in the future. This Christ impulse has worked sub-consciously in the astral and etheric bodies over the past centuries. Now and in the future, the "marriage in heaven" of Martinus Cappella and Christian Rosenkreutz will take place ever more often, this being the conscious union of the ego and astral body with the Christ impulse.
This task of the German peoples is being accomplished by their guiding folk spirit in a unique way. Historically, souls in incarnation pass from one culture to another. It is unusual for a person having lived, for example, as a Greek, to be incarnated later in the same Greek culture. However, in present Germany are souls who have lived as members of the Germanic tribes in the past. This gives a particular strength to the Germanic folk spirit and a conscious link with the Christian religion. When in their next incarnation, these former German souls appear in the Slavonic culture, there will be a rapid cultural evolution characterized by this united Christ impulse. That which will happen in the sixth cultural epoch will be prepared beforehand for the Germanic peoples.
The civilization of the Slavonic peoples in the future sixth cultural epoch will be primarily a receptive one working on two levels. First, there will be the receptivity of the achievements of Western Europe, such as the technology, music, arts and sciences. The field of experimentation of modern technology lies in the West and the fruits of its success shall easily pass to the sixth culture.
Second, there will be the receptivity of the descent of the spiritual forces of the sixth principle, Buddhi. The full manifestation of Buddhi on the physical plane will occur in the next Round during the future sixth root- race, while the sixth sub-race in this fourth Round will receive only a taste of what the future holds. This taste, where the ego looks upwards to the higher principal, will manifest itself as a duality in mankind corresponding to the duality felt by mankind in the second, Persian, cultural epoch.
As stated supra, the bodies of man consists of the lower quaternary of physical, etheric, astral and ego. Above this quaternary, stand the trinity of macrocosmic principles, Manas, Buddhi and Atma. The first three principles of the lower quaternary have fully descended upon mankind and have been incorporated into his being, the fourth is presently in manifestation. The trinity of the higher principles have only partially descended upon mankind and only in a few adapts have they been incorporated into their being.
For the mankind of the fifth cultural epoch, there is not yet any duality between the lower quaternary and the higher trinity because the ego is still firmly grounded in the lower quaternary. However, as the ego matures into the sixth cultural epoch, for many persons the ego will ground itself in the higher trinity. In this respect, the Hindu classification of the septenary in man is more descriptive than our Western model, because it recognizes a higher and lower manas.
Using this Hindu terminology, the ego of the man of our fifth epoch has its center of gravity in lower manas, while the ego of man of the sixth epoch will have its center of gravity in the higher manas. This will create a duality in which man will consciously feel the higher manas struggling to hold the lower manas in complete control. Two WILL CENTERS develop in man, each the expression of the ego manifesting itself in the higher and lower natures.
In the terminology of C.G. Harrison, each will center can be considered double vortices acting against each other at unequal velocity or force, producing our old friend, the lemniscate. These conical spheroids, which projected in two dimensions as double spirals or vortices, revolve in opposite directions until equilibrium is reached by an axial coincidence of the rotational planes. This equilibrium is the "marriage in heaven" of the higher and lower manas.
Steiner says that this duality felt in each individual man will express itself in theology as an experience of the duality inherent in Christ. His divine nature is represented microcosmically in the higher trinity and his human nature so represented in the lower quaternary. Understanding the Christ being as an organic unity of divine and human natures will help man to understand and balance his higher and lower manas. Christianity in the future will come to shape the social order of our towns, states and nation.