THE IDENTITY OF THE TEACHER OF RIGHTEOUSNESS

Qumran

The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran is the archaeological event of the millennium and unfortunately, their suppression from translation and publication is the spiritual crime of the millennium. Of what few scrolls that have been published, two sources of controversy have emerged.

The first concerns the identity of the authors of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The historical context of this time evolved from the division of the kingdom of Alexander the Great after his death in 323 B.C. into the two ruling dynasties of the Ptolemies and the Seleucids. Palestine was ruled by one of these families until the second century B.C. revolt of the Maccabees, who liberated Jerusalem from Antiochus IV Epiphanies (175-164). This revolt was historically necessary to re-establish the high priest Zadokite line appointed by King David to fulfill the prophecy that the Messiah would be born of the House of David (the Solomon Jesus child).

During the Seleucid reign, the high priest office was appointed after being purchased by the highest bidder. The orderly succession of the Zadokite priest line failed when in 172 B.C. Onias III (a legitimate High Priest) was murdered in Jerusalem. Even if he was not asassinated, he was exiled to Egypt where either him or his son, Onias IV, built the Temple of Leontopolis. King Antiochus appointed Meneleus, a Hellenized Jew outside the Zadok line and in 165 B.C. Judas Maccabeus led a revolt to restore the faith. The Hasmonean dynasty of kings emerged and lasted until the Herodian dynasty beginning 37 B.C. During this time, numerous Jewish sects arose and competed for power and influence. These included the Zealots,, the Sicarii, the Boethusians and the Hasidim. As described by the Historian Josephus, the three most dominant sects were the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Essenes.

Only the Pharisees survived the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. The Mishnah (200 A.D.) is presumably their literary legacy of Rabbinic Judaic Law. No text of any kind has ever been attributed to the written Hand of the Sadducees, so presumably they did not write the 800 manuscripts found in the eleven Qumran caves. By process of elimination, in this sense, the authorship of the Scrolls fall on the Essenes.

In another historical sense, the Natural History written by Pliny the Elder (23-79A.D.) cannot be ignored by even the most skeptical mind. He says, "On the west side of the Dead Sea, but out of range of the exhalations of the coast, is the solitary tribe of the Essenes, which is remarkable beyond all other tribes in the whole world, as it has no women and has renounced all sexual desire, has no money, and has only palm trees for company".

Frankly no better description of the monastic life of the Essene settlement can be given. After the discovery of the Scrolls in the nearby caves, an expedition was organized by Dominican priest Roland de Vaux to excavate the site of Khirbet Qumran. Although, scholars again disagree, arguing that the site could be a wealthy villa or military fortress, the excavations reveal an ancient monastery with a large scriptorium in which dozens of inkwells were found. As Qumran research has matured, the debate over the Essene/Sadducee origin of the Scrolls was put to rest by Harvard scholar and senior Scroll editor Frank Cross in 1966 when he unequivocally identified "the men of Qumran with their perennial house guests, the Essenes."

Now that most scholars agree Qumran was an Essene monastery, the second issue is the identity of the often referred Teacher of Righteousness (T of R).

Moreh Tzedek

Scholars have proposed two possible origins for the Essene community, one in Palestine and the other in Babylonia. The Palestinian theory recognizes that after the restoration of the Zadokite line to the Jerusalem temple by the Maccabees revolt, the Hasmonean line of kings were even more Hellenized than their predecessors. They signed agreements with the Roman Senate and employed Hellenized Jews as ambassadors. Instead of a return to orthodox Judaism, the Hasmonean kings increased Hellenization.

As a reaction to this usurpation, this theory supposes orthodox Jews rallied around a man referred to frequently in the Scrolls as Moreh Tzedek, the Teacher of Righteousness, made him their leader and reestablished their monastery at Qumran. Here in the desert they could observe the Mosiac Law and live a life of ritual purity until the day when the T of R could return to Jerusalem as the High Priest descended from Zadok. Indeed, the recovered Essene Manual of Discipline is a rigorous set of rules regulating the monastic life at Qumran. The Palestine origin theory is, of course, incorrect, particularly when considering how such a huge library at Qumran could have accumulated over only several generations.

The Babylonian theory of Essene origins traces this group back to the captivity after the destruction of the Temple in 596-586 B.C. The so-called Damascus Document of the recovered Scrolls suggests that the Essenes had been together long before the T of R appeared. Much of the legislation contained in the Damascus Document governs community living in a non-Jewish state, including regulations for dealing with Gentiles. It contains an historical summary that ends with the Babylonian Captivity. In addition, a "new covenant in the land of Damascus" is established by the survivors of the exile. Damascus is, of course, a symbolic name for the land of Babylon in Chaldea. That the Damascus Document was written by Jews living in the Babylonian exile and later carried with the Essences to Qumran after the liberation by King Cyrus is very reasonable to conclude.

The Michael Age

Particularly when you consider what a remarkable coincidence of spiritual streams converged during the Babylonian captivity, such as may not have occurred again until the end of Kali Yuga. During this forty-two reign of King Nebuchadnezzan (604-562 B.C.) at Babylon, we have first and foremost the centuries old mystery center of the Persian second cultural epoch. Leading to the great sanctuary of Marduk called E. Sag Ila, was the ceremonial Street of Babel. This processional path was seventy-five feet wide, with a retaining wall twenty-five feet high and lined with an endless sequence of lion figures. Timely incarnated into this center of the Ishtar cult was the person known historically as Zarathustra. In his next incarnation (the cycle of Neros?) he was to become the Solomon Jesus Child of Nazareth and it was secret knowledge of this incarnation 600 years later that led the three Magi from Babylon to Bethlehem following the Star of Zarathustra. His task was as teacher to prepare for the Christ event of the Fourth Cultural Epoch of Pisces beginning 747 B.C.

Against this background of the Chaldean mystery center, we have at the same historical time, the birth of the Buddha mystery stream which was also to merge into the Christ event 600 years later when the Nirmanakaya of Buddha was given to the Nathan Christ child. When the Gautama Buddha achieved Nirvana, he passed his office as teacher to his successor, the Bodhisattva, who later was sent as the T of R to the Essene community at Qumran.

Finally, the last element of the three-fold mystery stream merger was provided by the presence of the Jews in captivity. At this historical time, within two generations a whole series of former initiates of the Melchizedek mystery stream incarnated and streamen upon Babylon. First, Jeremiah, then Ezekiel, then Daniel and finally, Ezra, the scribe of Old Testament. Those prophets were descendants of the High Priesthood line of Zadek and bearers of the mystery wisdom imparted to Abraham from Melchizedek, the great sun-initiate.

This three-fold merger of mystery streams through their human representatives of Nazarathos, the Bodhisattva, and Ezekiel was, of course, only made possible by the archangel Michael. Prior to this time, Michael had been the guiding folk-spirit of the Jews until he ascended, in his turn, to the status of Spirit of the Age. Michael as representative of the Sun, whose angelic body would host the Christ ego as He descended through the heavenly spheres to incarnation during the baptism at the Jordan River, led a Golden Age which produced the genius of Plato and Pythagorus, the leadership of King Cyrus and ended with the scholarship of Aristotle and the reign of his pupil, Alexander the Great.

All told, the T of R weaves through the Dead Sea Scrolls in the same way that Dionysius the Areopagite weaves his way through the writings of St. Thomas Aquinus. Letters to him remind one of letters to the Friend of God from the Highlands. He led the battle in the Sons of Light against the Sons of Darkness. He was the teacher in the tradition of the heavenly high priest, Melchizedek, the sun Manu to whom the Scrolls (11QMELCHIZADEK) regard as an angelic being who lives forever as King of Righteousness. He announced that great events would soon come upon the last generation for those who believed in his covenant. He separated himself from the Jerusalem priesthood and like a prophet, his teaching was full of the Holy Spirit.

The New Temple

Foremost for the Essene community was the critique against the Second Temple built by Zerubbabel in 515 B.C. and the later reign of the Hasmonean dynasty. With Simon Maccabaeus, the previously separate sacerdotal (priestly) lines and the royal (kingly) lines were united into one dynasty of priest-king. This separation of offices was very important to the eschatology of the Essenes. For them, the material ideal was represented in the old second Temple in the Holy of Holies and the sanctuary. In the "new Temple", these are replaced by the "sacerdotal circle" and the circle formed by the rest of the faithful community. The fulfillment of these two circles was typified by the sons of Aaron and Israel. This concept is expressed by a passage from the Manual of Discipline which clearly shows the Essene Community anticipating the coming of TWO Messiahs, "There shall come the Prophet and the (two) Messiahs of Aaron and Israel."

The prophet is of course the T of R who comes in the strict sense of Ismaili Shiite prophetology with a revealed book, the Gospel of St. Matthew, and in the tradition of a priest of Melchizedek. St. John the Baptist came as the prophet of Aaron and Christ as the prophet of Israel. The unity of these two sacerdotal and royal lines was achieved in the birth of the two Jesus children and their unity into one person at age twelve, when the Zarathustra ego passed over into the body of the Nathan Jesus child.

The Essenes had truly felt that God had abandoned the children of Israel because of the usurpation of this sacerdotal lineage of Zadok by the Hasmonean dynasty and had also abandoned His presence in the second Temple by the occupation of the "wicked priest". The destruction of the first Temple of Solomon was caused by the sin of the Jews worshipping the pagan gods of Baal. The vision of Ezekiel described the Glory of the Lord (the Shekhinah) leaving Jerusalem. The prophecy of Ezekiel was the Divine restoration of a "new Temple" re-establishing the spiritual bond between Jehovah and his chosen people. The fulfillment of this prophecy rested in the Community of Qumran and the success of their Teacher in revealing these Divine truths as later preserved in the Gospel of St. Matthew. The historical purpose of the Essene community was to have at least a small group of people fully understand the immense significance of the coming of the Christ, both in an historical sense thru the teaching of the 3 X 14 generations of the St. Matthew Gospel and in a spiritual sense of the building of the new Temple.

As observed by professor Henry Corbin, the T of R was both a "final prophet" in the sense of a twelfth Iman revealing the esoteric meanings of all previous Divine revelations and a "new Ezekiel."

"Like Ezekiel, he combined three offices in his person: he was a priest of the line of Zadok, an inspired prophet, and a visionary of divine things...To the extent to which these three functions were also ascribed symbolically to the members of the (Qumran) Community, it can fairly be considered an Ezekelian community...of the new temple."

The Rabbinic Jesus Stories

Nineteenth century esoteric sources for the identity of the T of R include LaScience des Esprits by Eliphas Levi; Royal Masonic Cylopaedia by Mackenzie and Isis Unveiled Vol. II by Madame H.P. Blavatsky, all of which reference the Talmud and Toldoth Jesus stories which, first thought of as a blind but later became the source of the "fundemental error of the theosophists". The Madame H.P.B. relates in her Lucifer article, The Esoteric Character of the Gospels,

"Reference is made here to the Rabbinical tradition in the Babylonian Gemara, called Sepher Toldos Jeshu, about Jesus being the son of one named Pandira, and having lived a century earlier than the era called Christian, namely, during the reign of the Jewish king Alexander Jannaeus and his wife Salome, who reigned from the year 106 to 79 B.C. Accused by the Jews of having learned the magic art in Egypt, and of having stolen from the Holy of Holies the Incommunicable Name, Jehoshua (Jesus) was put to death by the Sanhedrin at Lud. He was stoned and then crucified on a tree, on the eve of Passover."

G.R.S. Mead (1883-1933) was the General Secretary of the Theosophical Society, private secretary to Madame H.P.Blavatsky, editor of several magazines and author of many books. He was a respected scholar of Gnosticism. In 1903 he published the study, Did Jesus Live 100 B.C.?He discusses the history and reprints some of the entire texts of the Talmud Balaam Jesus stories and the later mediaeval Toldoth Jesus stories.

The Talmud Jesus stories were the stock-in-trade Rabbinic Jewish objections to the Christian dogmatic tradition. In them, Jesus is referred to as Jeschu ben Pandera (or Pandira) or simply Ben Pandera and in the Lud stories as Ben Stada. He was born "a bastard son of a women in her separation" of Miriam, the woman's hairdresser. He was said to have "practiced sorcery and seduced Israel and estranged them from God". During the Passover festival, he was stoned to death by the Sanhedrin and later hung on the Sabbath day.

By tradition, Jeschu had five disciples namely, Mathai, Nakkai, Netzer, Bunni and Jodah. That they were Therapeutae Healers in the Essene tradition is clear from the following story.

The son of Rabbi Jehoshua Ben Levi had the something stuck in his throat. He went to fetch one of the men of the Ben Pandera, to bring out what he had swallowed. A man came and whispered to him (a spell) in the name of Ben Pandera and he got well. What did you say over him? He answered: A certain verse after a certain man. He (Levi) said: It had been better for him had he buried him and not said over him that verse.

Obviously, this story shows the vehemence against the healing disciples when the Rabbi would prefer to have his son dead and buried rather than healed under the spell of Ben Pandera.

In the end, all five disciples were put to death. Their names have always been a source of speculation among commentators. Netzer certainly refers to the Nazars sect discussed by Madame H.P.B. in Isis Unveiled located in the village of Nazareth. Bunni may refer to Bannus, the Essene teacher of Josephus.

Mathai refers to the author of the Gospel of St. Matthew of the New Testament which occult history shows to have been written in Aramaic Hebrew before the birth of Christ. The other names are untraceable and as Mead suggests are meant for names for leaders of schools or sects existing at the beginning of the Christain era.

The medieval Toldoth texts have been classified into five general types, the only remaining printed texts are of Wagensiel (1681) and Huldreich (1705). "Toldoth Jeschu" literally means the Generations of Jeschu, a sort of Jewish life of Jesus or Jeschu. All these various types of recensions bear the scars of a bitter medieval polemical literature debate against the excesses of the Christians in persecuting the Jews. For these reasons, there is a great variety of titles, characters, storylines and dates extending from the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries. These narratives are more lengthy in dealing with the magician charges against Jeschu but shorter when dealing wth the actual physical death. The following is a typical summary description.

First and foremost, Jeschu was a magician. In the sanctuary in Jerusalem " lay a foundation stone, God founded it and on it were written the letters of the Shem and whoever learned it, could do whatsoever he would". To protect this sanctuary, brazen dogs were bound at two iron pillars at the entrance and whomever entered and learned the identity of the letters, upon exiting, when the dogs bayed at him, the memory of the letters would vanish.

Jeschu entered the Holy of Holies, wrote down the letters on parchment, cut into his skin and laid the name in the wound under the cut flap of skin. Upon leaving the sanctuary, the brazen dogs bayed at him and his memory lapsed according to the tradition. However, when he went home, he opened the flap of skin and retrieved the Holy Name.

The Shem is the seventy-two syllabled name of God made up of 216 letters extrapolated from Exodus. From it is derived the 72 angels of Jacob's Ladder. Commonly known as Shem-Ha-Meforash, the correct pronunciation of this ineffable name of God was lost and not recovered until about 300 A.D. by the Kabbalists who gave it the title tetragrammaton. (JHVH).

The power of Shem is miraculous as Moses is said to have used it to part the waters of the Red Sea. Jeschu used its power to heal the sick, lame and lepers. The people of Galilee made clay birds, after speaking the letters of the Shem, they flew away as real birds. He once rolled a millstone to the edge of the sea and spoke the letters. He then placed the stone in the water and sat upon it as if floating in a boat.

Of course, these miracles of Jeschu didn't please the elders and priests any more than did the miracles of Christ please the Sadducees or Pharisees. What distinguishes the Talmud stories from the Toldoth stories is the unique parallel with the death of Christ. Andre Dupont-Sommer (1952) was absolutely right in his assertion that the life of the TR prefigured that of Jesus. Obviously, I do not know what the Dead Sea Scrolls say about the death of the TR, but the Toldoth stories narrate the final days as follows.

The elders befriended a man named Juda Ischariota and took him to the temple to learn and steal the letters of the Shem as Jeschu had once done. Juda then challenged Jeschu to a duel to the death in which they flew into the air like eagles and fought a bitter battle. However, since the power of the Shem was equal, neither could prevail. When they fell to the ground exhausted, Jeschu was captured.

The elders took Jeschu to the Queen (Helen) and asked that he be put to death. After interrogation, she released him back to the elders. They took Jeschu to the synagogue of Tiberias, where he was bound, tortured, given vinegar to drink as water and a crown of thorns set upon his head. To his rescue came his 310 apostates and brought him to the City of Antioch to rest.

On the Friday of Passover, Jeschu come into Jerusalem riding an ass with his apostates in glory. Another betrayer named Gaisa (the gardener) approached the elders and offered to identify and disclose the sanctuary where Jeschu was in repair. The elders went to the sanctuary (a school house) with Gaisa where Jeschu was discovered with four of his disciples, Mathai, Naki, Boni and Netzer. All were quickly put to death, the exact method of death being unclear.

Later, the wise elders of the Jerusalem temple tried to hang the body of Jeschu on a tree for public display. In every attempt the tree broke and it is unclear whether Jeschu was still alive uttering the Shem or if no tree would bear him for some mystical purpose. Finally, the body was laid over a large cabbage stalk (?) until the time of afternoon prayer, when the body was buried in traditional manner.

The apostates wept over the grave site for several days until it was discovered that the body was not inside the burial mound. Alarmed, the elders rushed to the Queen about the revelation. The Queen, worried that Jeschu fulfilled his own prophecy about ascending to heaven, ordered a great search for the missing body and promised her wrath if it could not be found. All Jerusalem was in mortal fear. Apparently, another gardener found the slain body and buried it in his yard, not telling anyone about the less than proper burial. Upon finding the body of Jeschu, the elders dragged the corpse around the streets of Jerusalem in public display and mock of the apostates.

It is an occult law that cycles repeat a subsequent time at a higher level, progress is a spiral not a straight line. This is the reason for the life of Jeschu Ben Pandera as a pre-figuration for the life of Christ.

To place an historical date on the Jeschu Ben Pandera legend is as Mead suggests, a jungle. The oral tradition of the Talmud is estimated by scholars to have been written down between 400-600 A.D. The motive to deceive, blind or otherwise conceal the date of the life of Jeschu is best described by Justin Martyr as "The Jews make war against the Christians as against a foreign nation."

In the Babylonian Gemara, a story is told twice that, "When King Jannai directed the destruction of the Rabbis, R. Joshua Ben Perachiach and Jeschu (Ben Pandera) went to Alexandria". Tannai or Jannaeus (John) was of the Maccabaean line of Kings and reigned over the Jews at 104-78 B.C. His wife Salome later reigned at 78-69 B.C. and their rule was generally considered a golden age for the Pharisees.

If there is any historical basis for the passage, Joshua Ben Perachiach probably fled to Alexandria in 87 B.C. and was recalled in 78 B.C. He exists as an historical character and considered the greatest and most learned Rabbi of his time. This would place the age of his student Jeschu in the First Century B.C.

Tracing the historical date of the life of Jeschu in the Toldoth stories is more difficult. The contradiction appears in two popular versions placing Jeschu in the days of Joshua ben Perachiach (as in the Talmud) and another placing him (as in our narrative) in the days of Tiberius and Pilate. The reason for this probably arises from the confusion of equating Jesus with Jeschu. They are two different persons living in two difference centuries! In the great medieval debates, inquisitions and persecutions by the Dominicans, the Jews probably confused the issue by asserting that their Talmud Jeschu was actually the Christian Jesus, thereby downplaying the Messianic character of Jesus, including the virgin birth, the crucifixion and resurrection. Remember, the persecuted were fighting to save their lives from the worst torture and burning at the stake. Also, if the Talmud Jeschu was originally an oral esoteric tradition among the Essenes, it was only a matter of time before the revealed exoteric version was profaned. This may in fact be the case with the genealogy of Jesus given by Epiphanius.

The so-called "Riddle of Epiphanius" is this. On the one hand he gives a very clear and unambiguous birthday for Jesus as "The Saviour was born in the forty-second year of Augustus, King of Rome... and on the 6th day of January after thirteen days of winter solstice and the increase of light and day...For it needs must have been that this should be a figure of our Lord, Jesus Christ Himself, and of his twelve disciples, who made up the number of the thirteen days of the increase of the light."

Epiphanius would count the first year of Augustus (Octavian) from the date of the death of Julius Caesar at 44 B.C. and thereby placing the birthdate of Christ in the year of 2 B.C. This birthdate is in close accord with the Canonical date of Christ, which custom began with Dionysius Exiguus.

On the other hand, Epiphanius gives a contrary birth date in a polemical he wrote defending the genealogy of Jesus coming from the House of David, in fulfillment of biblical prophecy. In arguing for the unbroken succession from David, he says, "Now the throne and kingly seat of David is the priestly office in the Holy Church...The throne of David continued by succession up until that time - namely, till Christ Himself - without any failure from the princes of Judah, until it came unto Him...For with the advent of the Christ the succession of the Princes of Judah, who reigned until the Christ Himself, ceased...The order of succession failed and stopped at that time when he was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of Alexander, who was of high-priestly and royal race; and after himself and Salina...a foreign king, Herod, and those who were no longer of the family of David, assumed the Crown."

Now, this Alexander and Salina are the Greek names for King Jannai and his wife Salome, who succeeded him as discussed in the Babylonian Gemara-Talmud. Together, they reigned from 104 B.C. to 69 B.C., the era of Jeschu Ben Pandera not the era of Christ!

Thus, we have the identical problem previously mentioned in relation to the Toldoth stories wherein Jeschu or Jesus was placed in one version in the days of King Jannai and in another version placed in the days of King Herod. This contradiction is more problematical since Epiphanius, although a Jew by birth (about 315 A.D.), was a youthful convert to Christianity and canonized a saint by the Roman Catholic Church for his pious writings on Nicene orthodoxy.

No other historical writer has placed such an exact date for the birth of Christ (January 6th, etc.) and also demanding the birth date as prophecy fulfilled in the transfer of kingship offices from Jannai to Jesus.

In explanation, I suppose it is possible that there was a deliberate mis-translation in the names of Jeschu (Ben Pandera) and Jesus. Thus, the transfer of office went from Jannai to Jeschu to Joseph to Jesus. This reason is born out by Mead when he states that the name of Panther (Pandera) was inserted in the genealogy of Jesus when Epiphanius otherwise discussed the family history of Joseph.

Joseph, says Epiphanius, was the son of Panther (Pandera) and Panther was born about 100 B.C. Now Panther is a name given for the soldier in several Talmud Jesus stories described as the paramour of the mother of Jesus when she was in separation. We also see the name of Panthera written by Origen in his polemics against Celsus. Mead says that Panther and Pandera are the one and the same person and his research shows that the name Panthera was erased from the oldest Vatican manuscripts of Origen.

Epiphanius further states that Joseph had four sons and two daughters from his first wife before his second marriage to the Virgin Mary. These step-brothers and step-sisters of Jesus were named Jacob, Jose, Simeon, Judas, Maria and Salome. Jacob became the first Christian bishop and was martyred about 63 A.D.

In summary, we see a rather incredulous tale from the Talmud and Toldoth Jesus stories, and from Epiphanius the genealogy of Joseph and Jesus with step-brothers and step-sisters of Jesus. Now, deliberately weaving through the confusion and contradictions, let us pick a thread as follows.

About 100 B.C. a person named Jeschu Ben Pandera lived under the kingships of Jannai and Solome. He was a close student and pupil of the very learned and respected Rabbi R. Joshua Pen Perachiach with whom he travelled to that great mecca of magic and occult learning Egypt. After stealing the Shem, he travelled throughout Judea performing miracles and gathering a group of apostates numbering 310 persons. During Passover week, he rode into Jerusalem on the back of an ass, was betrayed and later killed with several of his close disciples. His body was hung on a tree and later, when re-discovered, dragged through the streets in public humiliation. He was descendant from the priestly line of kings and his son named Joseph became the step-father of Jesus and the wife of the Virgin Mary. Joseph had six children prior to his adoption of Jesus and these children became the step-family of Jesus.

The traditional gospels, of course, do not relate such an incredible tradition, however there are many gospels and other writings not included in our modern New Testament. Mead suggests as a partial answer to the riddle of Epiphanius that, "He knew of an ancient tradition which declared that the Christian derived from the Essenes, that Jesus himself was an Essene, and that the church further (Epiphanius) wished to safeguard the doctrinal tradition now stereotyped by the Ecumenical decisions at Nicaea, by working into his treatise an argument against the 'heretical' tradition, should it ever have the hardihood to raise its head again". As we shall see, Mead was absolutely correct in his remarkable insight into the mind and intent of Epiphanius.

The Boddhisattva Question

On the one hand we have to politely say that the Toldoth and Talmud Jesus stories are intentionally misleading and scandalous by Christian standards. While on the other hand, there is an occult secret hovering around the identity of the man named Pandira. Why would the leading occultists of the 19th. century, especially Blavatsky and Levi, consider this man named Pandira to be the actual Jesus Christ ?

In the 20th. century a solution was offered by Emil Bock who said, "The fundemental Christological error of the Theosophists was the confusion of Jesus Christ with Jeschu ben Pandira." Even Annie Besant in her book about esoteric christianity said that Jesus was born "about 105 B.C." It was not until the lecture series entitled ESOTERIC CHRISTIANITY given by Dr. Steiner in the years 1911-12 that he disclosed the true mission if the Bodhisattva and the errors of the 19th. century occultists. Yes, Steiner's ESOTERIC CHRISTIANITY was a direct response to Besant's ESOTERIC CHRISTIANITY in the same sense that his THEOSOPHY was in direct response to her THE ANCIENT WISDOM.

Now that the error had been defined and corrected, why was the source of the error to be found in the Jewish Toldoth and Talmud stories ? Instead of the giving the obvious explanation that comes from common sense and not occult rocket science, look at the description of the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem after the Crucifixion given by Sister Anne Catherine Emmerich:

" Terror fell upon all at the sound if Jesus' death cry, when the earth quaked and the rock neath the cross was split asunder. A feeling of dread pervaded the whole universe. The veil of the Temple was on the instant twain, the dead arose from their graves, the walls in the Temple fell, while mountains and buildings were overturned in many parts of the world...The two great columns at the entrance of the Holy of Holies in the Temple fell in opposite directions...The beam which they supported gave way and the great curtain was, with a hissing noise, rent from top to bottom so that, opening on either side, it fell...The people could now see into the holy of Holies...An apparition of the murdered high priest Zacharias was seen...Jeremias appeared at the alter and uttered words of denunciation...There were about one hundred deceased belonging to all periods of time who arose in body from their shattered tombs in Jerusalem."

Annas and the High Priest Caiaphas were the true conspirators seeking the death of Jesus. They had been secretly plotting against him since the ministry began at the request of the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Herodians. Now that their plot for the murder of Jesus prevailed, the words of the crowd, "Crucify Him" rang in their ears as the Temple was being rent asunder and the karma of the death of the Son of God descended upon the Jewish race. Why the Rabbinic Jesus stories ?

"Annas was so terrified that he became like one bereft of reason. He fled from corner to corner through the most retired apartments of the temple. I saw him moaning and crying, his muscles contracted as if in convulsions...Annus was like one possessed. He was obliged to be confined and he never again appeared in public. Caiaphas became like a madman devoured by secret rage...These speeches and apparitions in places in which Caiaphas or the priests alone had access, were HUSHED UP OR DENIED. IT WAS FORBIDDEN TO SPEAK OF THEM UNDER PENALTY OF EXCOMMUNICATION."

Jeschu ben Pandira

About forty years before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Rudolf Steiner clearly identified the T of R as well as the spiritual task of the Essene community.

In THE GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW(1910), he says,

"During the reign of King Alexander Jannaeus (about 103 to 76 B.C.), a certain Individuality was sent into the communities of the Essenes to be their guide and leader. This Individuality was the leader of the Essenes about a hundred years before the appearance of Christ Jesus on the Earth.

He is also known in Talmudist literature under the name of Jesus, the son of Pandira, Jeschu ben Pandira. He was a great and noble personality, about whom inferior Jewish literature has woven all kinds of fables that have been recently revived, and he must not be confused, as some Talmudist have confused him, with the 'Jesus of Nazareth'. We also know that he was accused of blasphemy and heresy by those to whom the teaching of the Essenses were anathema, and after being stoned was hanged on a tree, in order to add to the punishment, the stigma of infamy."

The purpose of Steiner's disclosure of this 2,000 year old occult mystery was to weave the Buddhist stream into esoteric Christianity. The last physical incarnation of the Gautama Buddha occurred about 600 B.C. when that individual achieved the rank of Buddhahood and entered Nirvana. As such, he passed his office as a teacher of humanity onto his successor who has the rank of Bodhisattva. There are twelve such Bodhisattva's who form the White Lodge around the thirteenth, the Christ. Each Bodhisattva is a teacher of humanity until he reaches the rank of a Buddha, after which he never again incarnates in a physical body. Since 600 B.C., this Bodhisattva, who succeeded the Gautama Buddha has been incarnating on earth as a representative of the Buddhist esoteric stream and will do so for the next 2,400 years until he rises to the rank of the next Buddha known as the Maitreya Buddha.

Steiner says that this Bodhisattva sent Jeschu ben Pandira into the Essene communities to prepare for the two Christ Children birth event. Both the Chaldean mystery school at Babylon and the Essene community at Palestine knew of the secret teaching of the preparation of the physical, etheric and astral bodies through the forty-two generations descendant from Abraham. Jeschu Ben Pandira taught this secret to the Essene communities and actually had pupils experience clairvoyantly the descent of the Christ being though the forty-two stages. He taught that the time was very near when the blood line would be ready for the incarnation of Zarathustra in the Solomon Jesus Child.

Steiner also confirms the names of the five disciples of Ben Pandira as preserved correctly in the Talmud. In addition, he reveals the mission of the disciple Netzer as cultivating a secluded Essene sect which later in the Bible came to be called Nazareth.

Steiner also reveals the mission of the disciple Mathai and the secret of the gospel of St. Matthew. Mathai was that pupil in whom the secret of the preparation of the blood through forty-two generations for the incarnation of Zarathustra was preserved. This secret is exoterically disclosed in the first chapter of the St. Matthew Gospel wherein the blood line of the Jesus child is traced through the 3 x 14 generations from Abraham to David, David to the Babylonian captivity and then to the birth in Bethlehem.

Mathai is also the author of the St. Matthew Gospel. Biblical scholars are quick to forget the historical fact that the New Testament Gospels of Mark, Luke and John were written in Greek but the St. Matthew Gospel was written an Aramaic, the language of Christ. Remember, in the fourth century, St. Jerome was asked by the Churcj Bishops Chromatius and Heliodorus, to compare and translate the Septuagint Greek version with the original Hebrew version preserved by the Nazarenes in their library at Caesara. Jerome relates that the text was unintelligible to him being, composed of secret symbolic script which he could not translate (since he was not initiated into the mysteries). He admits that this genuine apostolic writing was written in Chaldaic language with Aramaic letters "by the hand of Matthew himself" and was intended to be kept secret and not openly written (translated).

Thus, this Gospel pre-dates the birth of Christ and the events described in it serve as a pre-configuration "according to scripture "of the birth, life and death of Christ. In another sense, the life of Jeschu Ben Pandira is a pre-configuration of the life of Christ, which correspondence was discussed in a publication by the French scholar Andre Depont-Sommer in 1952 as follows:

"The Galilean Master, as He is presented to us in the writings of the New Testament, appears in many respects as an astonishing reincarnation of the Teacher of Righteousness. Like the latter He preached penitence, poverty, humility, love of one's neighbour, chastity. Like him, He prescribed the observance of the Law of Moses, the whole Law, but the Law finished and perfected, thanks to His own revelations. Like him He was the Elect and Messiah of God, the Messiah redeemer of the world. Like him He was the object of the hostility of the priests, the party of the Sadducees. Like him He was condemned and put to death. Like him He pronounced judgement on Jerusalem, which was taken and destroyed by the Romans for having put Him to death. Like him, at the end of time, He will be the supreme judge. Like him He founded a Church whose adherents fervently awaited His glorious return".

4Q448

In a recent issue of the BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY REVIEW there is an article which confirms the 100 B.C. date of Steiner and the lifetime of the Toldoth Jesus under King Jannaeus.

Qumran Scroll No. 4Q448 is a leather fragment about three inches wide and six inches long. It is a psalm and was originally published in 1977 in untranslated form. It was not translated because it was printed in semicursiue script which is very difficult to translate. For the past fifteen years, several scholars, including John Strugnell, have been trying to decipher it. Recently, an acceptable version was published and identified a reference to King Jonathan.

Now King Jonathan is the same as King Jannaeus identified in the Babylonian Gemara of the Talmud Jesus Stories. Since the above publication of G.R.S. Mead, coins have been found in which one side says in Greek, "Alexander the King" and on the other side in Hebrew the inscription reads," King Jonathan". These coins positively identify Alexander Jannaeus as the King Jonathan of the Hasmonean dynasty who reigned between 103 and 76 B.C.

Scholars consider this translation significant because for the first time a Qumran scroll makes reference to an historical figure whose life can be exactly dated to the first quarter of the first Century B.C. It is important to us because it dates Jeschu Ben Pandira of the Talmud stories to the reign of King Jannaeus which is in accord with the 100 B.C. date given by R. Steiner.

The Maitreya Bodhisattva

A last clue on the trail of the Bodhisattva comes from the unlikely source of the visions of Sister Anne Catherine Emmerich, when (above) describing the destruction of the Temple says:

"I had also a glimpse of other deceased persons who arose here and there in different parts of the Holy Land, appeared to their relatives and bore witness to Christ's mission. I saw, for instance, Zadoch, a very pious man, who divided all his wealth between the poor and the Temple and FOUNDED AN ESSENIAN SECT NEAR HEBRON. He was one of the last prophets before Christ. He had waited very earnestly for the appearence of the Messiah, he had many revelations upon the same, and communication with the ancestors of the Holy Family. This ZADOCH, who lived about ONE HUNDRED YEARS before Jesus, I saw arise and appear to several persons in the region of Hebron. I saw once that his soul was amoung the first to return to his body, and then I saw all those souls walking around with Jesus, as if they had again laid their body down."

Now it can be said that the name Zadoch bears little relationship to the name Jeschu ben Pandira. However, prior to the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls, Pandira was not only the exoteric but also the only esoteric name handed down in writing for the name of this Bodhisattva. Even Dr. Steiner used this name. However, since the discovery of the scrolls, we now know that the T of R was called, MOREH TZEDEK. The term Zadoch as used by Sister Emmerich refers of course to the generic names given over the generations to High Priests of the Temple descended from King David's original High Priest, Zadok. The term Tzedek, as in Melchizedek, refers to the Hebrew name of the planetary spirit of Jupiter.

That Moreh Tzedek was a High Priest incarnated in the Zakokite line of Temple priests, seem reasonable. That Sister Emmerich connects "Zadoch" to the founding of an Essene sect and that he lived about 100 years before Christ, is too coincidental to dismiss as a misnomer.

There are more than one Bodhisattva's that incarnate into the stream of the spiritual guidance of mankind. However, Moreh Tzedek is a very special one in the generational line of the future Maitreya Buddha, which Dr. Steiner said will incarnate again about the beginning of the 20th. Century.